Difference between revisions of "Free software"

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'''Free software''' (the term ''open source'' is often used synonymous, although it stands for something slightly different) is software that is meant to be shared. There is a strong movement behind free software that inspired other movements with its values and success.
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'''Free software''' (the term ''open source'' is often used synonymous, although it stands for something slightly different) is software that is meant to be shared. It is a great form of sharing [[knowledge]] and tools to create knowledge. There is a strong movement behind free software that inspired other movements with its values and success.
  
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== Licensing ==
 
Free software is software whose license guarantees the ''user'' the right to
 
Free software is software whose license guarantees the ''user'' the right to
 
* '''use''' ''his'' tool for whatever purpose, to
 
* '''use''' ''his'' tool for whatever purpose, to
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* '''share''' it with whoever he wants (under the same conditions) and to
 
* '''share''' it with whoever he wants (under the same conditions) and to
 
* '''alter''' it (and also share the results) - to build on the work and help to improve it, for example.
 
* '''alter''' it (and also share the results) - to build on the work and help to improve it, for example.
There is a whole world of free software with software covering virtually every need.
 
  
Free software is a great form of sharing knowledge and tools to create knowledge. Well known examples of free software are the webbrowser ''Mozilla Firefox'' and Linux.
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Free software usually gets released under so called free software licenses - to legally protect the sharing in legal environments built to protect property and profits (copyright). Those licenses use the copyright (or "Urheberrecht") to ensure the rights of the users (those four freedoms), to protect and guarantee the sharing. Some also require that derivative works are released at the same conditions - so called ''copyleft''.
  
Expanding the ideas(s) to other forms of content, the more general term ''[[free content]]'' has been coined, the most well known project being [[Wikipedia]].
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== Using free software ==
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There is a whole world of free software with software covering virtually every need. Well known examples of free software are the webbrowser ''Mozilla Firefox'' and Linux. GNU/Linux distributions provide ready to use complete operating systems and working environments of free software. Namely the ''Debian'' project (with its social contract and free software guidelines) or the easy to use Ubuntu, that is based on Debian, care much about sharing and the ethics of free software.
  
== Licensing ==
+
And usually users of free software are not alone with their questions and problems - there is a big and active community of people trying their best to help each other on various chat channels, forums, meetings, ...
Free software usually gets released under a so called free software license - to legally protect the sharing in legal environments built to protect property and profits (copyright). Those licenses use the copyright (or "Urheberrecht") to ensure the rights of the users (those four freedoms), to protect and guarantee the sharing. Some also require that derivative works are released at the same conditions - so called ''copyleft''.
 
  
 
== Derivatives ==
 
== Derivatives ==
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Expanding the ideas(s) to other forms of content, the more general term ''[[free content]]'' has been coined, the most well known project being [[Wikipedia]].
 +
 
* The [[Oekonux]] project examines how the concept of free software can be adapted to economy and politics to overcome capitalism with concepts of free software.
 
* The [[Oekonux]] project examines how the concept of free software can be adapted to economy and politics to overcome capitalism with concepts of free software.
 
* [[Shareconomy]] is a concept for an alternative economy based on the principles of free software.
 
* [[Shareconomy]] is a concept for an alternative economy based on the principles of free software.
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<!--Dive in, free yourself and your computer, enter this existing huge world of sharing!-->
 
<!--Dive in, free yourself and your computer, enter this existing huge world of sharing!-->
  
 
{{stub}}
 
  
 
[[Category:Movement]]
 
[[Category:Movement]]

Revision as of 01:26, 2 December 2008

Free software (the term open source is often used synonymous, although it stands for something slightly different) is software that is meant to be shared. It is a great form of sharing knowledge and tools to create knowledge. There is a strong movement behind free software that inspired other movements with its values and success.

Licensing

Free software is software whose license guarantees the user the right to

  • use his tool for whatever purpose, to
  • study how it works, to
  • share it with whoever he wants (under the same conditions) and to
  • alter it (and also share the results) - to build on the work and help to improve it, for example.

Free software usually gets released under so called free software licenses - to legally protect the sharing in legal environments built to protect property and profits (copyright). Those licenses use the copyright (or "Urheberrecht") to ensure the rights of the users (those four freedoms), to protect and guarantee the sharing. Some also require that derivative works are released at the same conditions - so called copyleft.

Using free software

There is a whole world of free software with software covering virtually every need. Well known examples of free software are the webbrowser Mozilla Firefox and Linux. GNU/Linux distributions provide ready to use complete operating systems and working environments of free software. Namely the Debian project (with its social contract and free software guidelines) or the easy to use Ubuntu, that is based on Debian, care much about sharing and the ethics of free software.

And usually users of free software are not alone with their questions and problems - there is a big and active community of people trying their best to help each other on various chat channels, forums, meetings, ...

Derivatives

Expanding the ideas(s) to other forms of content, the more general term free content has been coined, the most well known project being Wikipedia.

  • The Oekonux project examines how the concept of free software can be adapted to economy and politics to overcome capitalism with concepts of free software.
  • Shareconomy is a concept for an alternative economy based on the principles of free software.