Commons are shared resources in which each stakeholder has an equal interest. Resources were seen as natural wealth before this view disturbed by property conventional law. Conventional authority got through conventional conventions the most of the ownership rights of the resources in the planet.
The commons appear when they are in risk -- someone.
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The term commons originates from Thomas Moore, who describes how the commons are being taken away by fences and private property. Later on, it was coined for property governed by a number of persons also.
Commons is also used in conventional law by conventional authority (i.e. some public domain maps) and by individuals on different subjects but both with the keeping of minimal but some ownership rights than what the commons broadly propose (i.e. gnu.org, creativecommons.org - freedomdefined.org, )
Commons is also used for protocols of natural wealth management (i.e. caspian sea gas interestates proposal) and for human organizational practices based in the P2P network theory, for other socialistic models (i.e. ), and even for some kind of and freed property initiatiaves (i.e. Freed Shareful Invitation).
The Commons and Communal Sharing as Priority
- Communal Sharing
- Authority Ranking
- Equality Matching
- Market Pricing
" business-empowered communities: they are not companies linked to a community, but transnational communities that have acquired enterprises in order to gain continuity in time and robustness "
- The Commoner
- On the Commons
- Interview with Michael Hardt about the forthcoming book (co-written with Negri, Common Wealth. The common as an alternative to public and private ownership